Beauty has always been at a premium with a focus on looking youthful and attractive. The stress on personal grooming, beauty-consciousness and maintaining attractive appearance is constantly rising. Correspondingly, the demand for professional beauticians is swelling as well. In India, cosmetology is becoming a multi billion-dollar industry with scope for a multitude of employment opportunities in beauty culture. Cosmetology is the science of making people look good. It comprises everything from beauty therapy for the face, hair and body to overall health care. It encompasses various occupations like hairstylist, nail technician, beautician, skin care specialist, masseur, aesthetician, etc.
Medical cosmetology, the more intensive side of cosmetology, largely deals with skin care. Problems like pimples, acne, wrinkles, dark spots, require medical expertise. Treatments like botox and fillers are performed by medical cosmetologists or skin specialists.
There are various skin and hair treatments with equipment and tools like vacuum, body galvanic machine, faradic current as well as various massages with different types of oils and creams to enhance personal appearance. It involves lifting and toning skin, clearing wrinkles, acne, scars and pigmentation, removing unwanted facial/body hair, treating hair and scalp and so on.
As you probably have inferred, there are two aspects of cosmetology.
General Cosmetology:After 10+2 the courses in this field equip students with skills required in salon treatments (hair styling, manicures, facials, waxing etc). A certificate course in General Cosmetology is typically a one-year programme though some institutes offer a three-year programme.
Medical Cosmetology: The basic requirement to practice medical cosmetology is a medical degree from any reputed medical college. But dermatologists, physicians, dentists with a diploma or master’s degree in dermatology, may also practice medical cosmetology.
Domain knowledge in science is essential as they work on skin, muscles, tissues and veins/ arteries. After completing an MBBS degree, candidates may undergo a training/ certification programme in order to become a specialist or a trainer.
Indian medical colleges, largely, do not offer these fellowship/ certificate programmes. The only institute that offers a 12-week certificate course in clinical cosmetology is the Indian Institute of Cosmetology in Mumbai.
Scope and career prospects
With a degree in General Cosmetology, one can work in a salon or a spa. Beauty therapists handle facials, clean-ups and hair styling.With a medical background and a cosmetology course; one can venture into more advanced treatments. Some of the more popular treatments are laser hair removal, anti-ageing treatments like botox, fillers, and skin rejuvenation treatments like chemical peels.
General cosmetologists can expect a starting salary of Rs 7,000 to Rs. 15,000. They can earn up to Rs 50,000 a month once they have experience. And the medical cosmetology begins at a higher scale.
National and Regional Vocational Training Institutes for Women (Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India) in Delhi, Noida, Allahabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Vadodra, Hissar, Indore, Trivandrum, Tura.
- YWCA centres in major cities
- VLCC Institute of Beauty, Health & Management,
- Shahnaz Husain′s Women′s World International
- Habib′s Hair Academy, www.habibs.org.in/
- Christine Valmy International School Of Esthetics.