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Criminology is the study of Criminal Behavior, including the factors and causes of Crime. It also deals with the social impact of a particular Crime on the Criminal, and on the victim and his/her family. Regulation of Crime by the government also comes under the purview of this subject. In addition, fast changes in the approach and mode of investigation of the policing authorities have led to the need for better understanding of the subject, thus opening up growth opportunities for a career in Criminology.
With the increasing population, crime rates in India have increased manifolds. Added to all this is the threat of Terrorism. Students of Criminology study the factors of criminality. The job of a Criminologist is to conduct research, teach Criminology and also explore and work out ways in which crime can be controlled.
In India, Criminology is a developing field. As of now Criminologists help in sensitising criminal justice functionaries, that is – The Police, The Judiciary and other Investigation Agencies, through training, courses and seminars. After completing a course in Criminology, one can apply for jobs as teachers of Criminology, Legal Studies, Law and Sociology. There is a requirement for people qualified in Criminology in public and private sector companies or social welfare departments dealing with environmental crimes and human rights issues. One can work with NGOs dealing with crime, research organisations and private security agencies.
There are a large number of specialisations in this field. An expert in corporate crime, for example, can get a plum corporate job. Someone specialising in environmental crime can work with NGOs and organisations looking into environmental crimes. Banks can also hire Criminologists to examine cases of fraud.
What’s it about?
Crimes stem from social, psychological and economic situations and factors. A Criminologist is trained to understand these factors and can understand the mindset of a Criminal. These professionals work towards the prevention of crimes. However, in India, jobs for Criminologists are not properly identified. In the US and UK, Criminologists work in prisons, investigation agencies, intelligence and vigilance departments
  • Analytical skills
  • Data collection should be good
  • Good understanding of psychology, sociology and other factors that makes a society
  • Ready to work tirelessly

Educational Qualification

Both undergraduate (BA/B.Sc) and postgraduate (MA/M.Sc) courses in Criminology are offered by various institutes. The basic requirement for getting admission to an undergraduate course is Class XII with either arts or science. For admission to a PG course, one has to be a graduate with science or arts subjects. You should also have ability to study/analyse data.
Job Opportunities
The job market for a Criminologist is as varied in India as abroad. Judicial systems, correctional institutions, counselling, financial institutions, non-profit agencies, private investigation agencies and governmental institutions employ Criminologists. Other areas include criminal investigation, financial malpractices, forensics, medical investigation, rehabilitation of criminals, research and policy studies and teaching. A qualified Criminologist can be recruited by universities, governmental agencies and social welfare groups for advanced teaching and policy assessment.

The Payoff

An MA in Criminology can find a job with an NGO, teach at university level or work in the corporate world. The pay will depend on the rank. Initially, one can start with a salary of Rs. 15,000-Rs 20,000 per month.
Institute Watch
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Lucknow University
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science (NICFS), New Delhi
  • Tata Institute of Social Science, Mumbai


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What Blockchain and Bitcoin Mean for the Protection Business You may have heard the expressions "blockchain" or "Bitcoin" utilized as a part of tech hovers in the course of recent years. These ideas, alongside intense utilize cases, are changing how we consider money, exchanges and contracts.

Simultaneously, they're likewise changing how we consider the protection business. These progressions will affect protection bearers and operators, and how protection is purchased and sold. That implies understanding blockchain and Bitcoin is essential in case you're hoping to win in the cutting edge protection industry. This post has you secured. It gives meanings of blockchain and Bitcoin, at that point separates why this data is critical to protection industry experts. 


In their book Blockchain Upheaval, Wear and Alex Tapscott clarify that blockchain is "the brilliantly straightforward, progressive convention that enables exchanges to be at the same time mysterious and secure by keeping up a sealed open record of significant worth." The blockchain is intended to store exchange records ("obstructs") in numerous spots, connected to each other (henceforth the "chain" some portion of the name) and straightforward to any client who wishes to see them. Critically, this record can't be changed, so anybody can see a typical and exact rundown of authentic exchanges. Bitcoin is a kind of computerized money that utilization's blockchain innovation. It's not by any means the only one that utilization blockchain, yet is one of the more prevalent alternatives available. Despite the fact that bitcoin is the most famous cryptographic money upheld by blockchain innovation, other advanced monetary forms, for example, ether and litecoin—utilize blockchain innovation too. All bitcoin exchanges are recorded in a decentralized open record that can't be adjusted. In principle, this is something worth being thankful for on the grounds that it makes trust among all gatherings of the exchange and gives an unmistakable trail of procurement that avoids fake exchanges. This is one manner by which blockchain can possibly change exchanges. However, remember that blockchain does not need to be money related. 

Ramifications OF BLOCKCHAIN AND BITCOIN FOR THE Protection Business Blockchain applications like cryptocurency, shrewd contracts and decentralized models for protection will change how protection is appropriated. What's more, when you change how protection is disseminated, you significantly modify how existing players profit and test business as usual. Insurance agencies could utilize the blockchain to make a disseminated record that cultivates straightforwardness, successfully tracks cases and exchange history, and gives perceivability into the authenticity of a claim. Brilliant contracts based on the blockchain can balance deceitful claims by recording exchange history on people in general system, which would dismiss different cases for a similar occasion. This could spare the business billions and open up gigantic chances to make huge measures of significant worth for buyers. Cryptocurriencies can make trust amongst safety net providers and their clients could make trust. For example, INGUARD was the principal insurance agency to acknowledge bitcoin installments. We did this since it was the correct activity for our well informed clients—a state of mind very rare in the protection business today. Consider: 40% of protection premiums turn over every year—and 66% of buyers would purchase protection on the web in the event that they could. 

What's more, and, after its all said and done, they're scarcely happy with back up plan sites. Shoppers don't confide in their safety net providers to put their best advantages on the most fundamental level or execute in a reasonable, break even with way. Bitcoin and blockchain innovation, as we would see it, are devices that can possibly carefully ensure customers, as well as reestablish assume that their needs are being met. Innovation appropriation in the protection business ought to dependably make more an incentive for shoppers. It should expel contact from the purchasing procedure and empower a superior client encounter. What's more, its adequacy ought to be estimated by consumer loyalty, not the amount PR or advertising duplicate another framework creates. That doesn't generally happen. In any case, with the focal points blockchain innovation gives, that could begin to change. Also, that will be advance in reality.