Anthropology is the science concerned with the study of the evolution of man. It encompasses both the social sciences as well as the physical sciences, covering the origin of man, physical characteristics, systems, languages, traditions, material possessions as well as the social, cultural and religious beliefs and practices. This is undertaken to study different aspects of man’s behaviour over the centuries, so as to compile authentic scientific knowledge about the human species.
In this way, scientists are able to consider the dynamism of the evolutionary process and explain how a community is what it is today, and its relationship with the past, and to other communities or groups. Therefore, anthropologists also study the differentiation of physical and cultural types in human beings, and the effects of living in different environments all over the world, and over the centuries. It is for this reason, too, that a study of anthropology can help you with a more learned understanding of sociology, development, economics, gender studies, criminology and psychology, the legal system and so on.
Though a variety of skills are required to succeed, the most important one is to be able to develop field-work skills. Students looking to specialise in biological anthropology or population genetics/genomics should develop laboratory skills.
To be a professional Anthropologist one has to qualify B.Sc in Anthropology. The minimum qualification for B.Sc in Anthropology is 10+2 pass with science subjects. However requirement of individual collages/universities is different such as 10+2 with Biology and minimum percentage of marks scored. For better career option one can pursue M.Sc in Anthropology for which minimum qualification is B.Sc in the concerned subject. There are also higher studies such as M.Phil and PhD in anthropology. Nevertheless some universities or collages also offer B.A and M.A courses in Anthropology into which, a 10+2 pass student with social science can also be enrolled.
Teaching positions offer a bright future since they are becoming financially rewarding. In order to teach at the college or university level, students must clear the national eligibility test or state eligibility test. Another option is to pursue a career in research at a research institute, such as the Anthropological Survey of India, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institutes of Management, Cultural /Tribal Research Institutes, as well as some medical institutes including public health research institutes. A third option is to be engaged in jobs in non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in the field of health, nutrition, education, environment and the likes. A number of NGOs prefer to employ anthropologists since they are usually experienced in field-work with rural, local as well as indigenous populations . Anthropology students can also have the opportunity to work for different museums. Students specialising in biological anthropology can have access to jobs pertaining to public health and nutrition research , forensics, molecular genetics and biotechnology.
Anthropologists receive very good remunerations. Those employed in public sector research institutions and departments have pay packages as per government norms. Corporate houses and industries offer various fringe benefits other than salaries and allowance. Professors and teachers in academic institutions also have good salaries.
Top Colleges Offering UG (Under Graduate programmes)
- University of Delhi;
- Visva BharatiUniversity, West Bengal;
- University of Allahabad,
- Sambalpur University, Orissa,
- Bangalore University;
- University of Rajashthan;
- North Eastern Hill University, Meghalaya;
- Pune University;
- University of Hyderabad;
- Kurukshetra University,
- Pt.Ravishankar Shukla University, Chhatisgarh;
- Vinoba Bhave
- University, Jharkhand;
- Berhampur University, Orissa;
- University of Calcutta;
- University of Mysore;
- Vidyasagar University, West Bengal;
- Manipur University;
- Venkateswara University, A.P.